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  • At the beginning of this episode, deathrow inmate Napolean "Neech" Manley is being executed by electric chair. The electric chair is a chair that electrocutes its occupant with alternating current. (I know, I'm a master of stating the obvious.) I could talk about the science of electrocution here, but that's already been covered in D.P.O. Don't worry, the fun stuff comes soon...

    To see a schematic of an electric chair, brought to you by the Florida Corrections Commission, visit http://www.dos.state.fl.us/fgils/agencies/fcc/ reports/methods/emappc.html.

  • As it turns out, Manley was a devout believer in reincarnation, a concept which is found in various forms in religions around the globe. It is mentioned in the episode that he was particularly fond of Zoroastrian literature, which preaches one of the first monotheistic religions in history. Zoroastrians flourished in the region that is now Iran and upper India, but one thing they didn't do was believe in reincarnation (they actually believed in an afterlife dictated by one's morality in life). I guess even the most astute television anthropologists can make mistakes.

    To find out what Zoroastrians actually believe, and to learn a little bit about a lesser-known world religion, read the Zoroastrian FAQ at http://www.walker.reston.va.us/hmgs/Z/zorofaq.html.

  • The decomposing victims of the supposedly reincarnated Manley are crawling with maggots and flies; one victim's lungs are filled with green bottle flies. Bottle flies and blow flies (common flies that are attracted to dead bodies) are often studied by forensic scientists to gather information in homicide cases. In fact, there's an entire field called forensic entomology that involves the study of insects, in the various stages of their life cycles, to determine such things as the amount of time that has elapsed since the victim died and whether the body has been moved to another location since the moment of death.

    For more information on the field of forensic entomology, check out Morten St rkeby's fantastic page on the subject at http://www.uio.no/~mostarke/forens_ent/forensic_entomology.html.
    There's also a wealth of information, including case studies from an FBI agent, at the official page of the American Board of Forensic Entomology site at http://www.missouri.edu/cafnr/entomology/.

  • Believe it or not, maggot infestation, or myiasis as it's called, isn't always a bad thing. Some scientists are testing a treatment called "maggot therapy," in which maggots are used to clean gangrenous wounds that might usually cause the victim to lose a limb. The results are actually promising. I wouldn't try this at home, but it definitely makes for interesting reading.

    To learn about maggot therapy and the life cycle of the blow fly, go to http://www.ucihs.uci.edu/path/sherman/home_pg.htm.

 File #:

Basic Plot:
Mulder and Scully investigate a killer who appears to have been reincarnated to seek revenge on those who executed him.

Synopsis URLs:
Synopsis @ Official X-Files Site
Synopsis @ Deep Background

Title means:
"Neech" Manley had a secret list of five people that he said he'd come back from the other side to kill.

End of science file.
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